Building Specifications And Regulations
According to the State standards in Bulgaria (Bulgarian State Standard – BS):
The warranty periods shall commence on the date of which the construction site is put into operation (issuance of a permission to use or a certificate of commissioning).
Warranty terms of completed construction works, facilities and construction sites are:
– For all types of newly constructed buildings and equipment, including the foundation beneath them – 10 years;
– For hydro, thermal, acoustic and anti-corrosion works on buildings and facilities in non-aggressive environment – 5 years, and in aggressive environment – 3 years;
– For all types of construction works, assembling and finishing works, as well as the internal systems of buildings – 5 years.
1. Ownership of a property – the ownership of a property can be confirmed by a Notary deed for the land, where it is stated that the owner of the property is the investor of the project.
2. Permission for construction – issued by the Municipality and is signed by the Chief Architect of the district in which the construction is planned to be built.
3. Act 14, Act 15 and Act 16 – these documents control the different stages of works and whether the construction works are carried out according to the current legislation and regulations.
4. Act 14 – can be defined as a document which is issued when the building reaches the stage “rough construction” *. Act 14 concerns the adoption (execution) of the structure of the building. This document is drawn up and signed by the investor (sponsor), the consultant (construction supervision) and the designer.
5. Act 15 – This is the document which states that the building is completely finished. The document is drawn up by the investor (sponsor), the developer, the consultant (construction supervision) and the designer (in all parts). The Act 15 is the basis for drafting of Protocol 16, which establishes the fitness/permit for use of the construction.
6. Act 16 is usually the most anticipated document by the new owners of the property. It is generally accepted in practice, that Act 16 has be used as a general term instead of “Permission to use”. The Act 16 is issued by the State Acceptance Commission and concerns ascertaining the fitness for use of the building (some phase of it). Based on Act 16, the relevant Regional Directorate for the National Construction Supervision issues permission to use. But if we talk about constructions of IVth to VIth category (residential and mixed buildings with low and middle construction, villas, etc.), Act 16 is not issued. Instead of it, it is issued a Certificate of commissioning by the respective Chief Architect at the respective municipality.
This permission to use / the certificate of commissioning is the final act for any construction and it certifies that the object to which it relates is suitable to be put into operation, i.e. is fit to live in.
Upon issuance of the permission to use / the certificate for commissioning, there are number of things, which are checked and are connected to:
• the established property rights in terms of the legality of the constructed building;
• whether the building is built with approved projects or without them;
• the conformity between the actual implementation of the construction work and the approved projects;
Check Dinevi Group website for additional information.